Post Stroke Rehabilitation Treatment

A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident, occurs when there is a disruption in the blood supply to the brain, leading to a loss of brain function. This disruption can be caused by either ischemia (lack of blood flow) or hemorrhage. Consequently, the affected region of the brain is unable to function properly, potentially resulting in motor deficits in one or more limbs on one side of the body, difficulty understanding or producing speech, or impaired vision on one side of the visual field.

Ischemia results from the blockage of a blood vessel, either through thrombosis or arterial embolism, or due to cerebral hypoperfusion. Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when blood vessels in the brain bleed, either directly into the brain parenchyma or into the subarachnoid space surrounding brain tissue.

Stroke stands as the most prevalent cause of disability in adults in the industrialized world. Approximately 750,000 individuals in the United States and 1 million in the European Union are affected each year.

In 2011, stroke ranked as the second most common cause of death globally, contributing to 6.2 million deaths, which accounted for approximately 11% of the total. Around 17 million people experienced a stroke in 2010, and there were 33 million individuals who had previously suffered a stroke and were still alive.

Conventional Treatments for Stroke Rehabilitation

A stroke is a critical medical emergency that can result in lasting neurological damage or death. Ischemic strokes are sometimes addressed in a hospital through thrombolysis, commonly known as a “clot buster,” while certain hemorrhagic strokes may benefit from neurosurgery. Rehabilitation efforts aimed at restoring lost function are referred to as stroke rehabilitation, ideally conducted in a specialized stroke unit and involving professionals in speech and language therapy, physical therapy, and occupational therapy.

Initiating stroke rehabilitation as swiftly as possible is crucial, and the duration can vary from a few days to over a year. The majority of functional recovery occurs in the initial months, with improvement diminishing after the officially recognized “window of opportunity” ends, typically around six months, as indicated by U.S. state rehabilitation units and others. Nevertheless, some patients have demonstrated ongoing improvement for years, reclaiming and strengthening abilities like writing, walking, running, and speaking. It’s essential for stroke patients to incorporate daily rehabilitation exercises into their routine.

Preventing recurrence may involve the use of antiplatelet drugs like aspirin, managing high blood pressure, and utilizing statins. Certain individuals may find benefit from procedures such as carotid endarterectomy and the use of anticoagulants.

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The provider network includes group practices, licensed independent clinicians, and hospitals. The information contained in this network provider directory is submitted by providers. You can also get help finding a provider using our contact us form or by web chat.

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